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By John W. Amos II
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Additional resources for Arab–Israeli Military/Political Relations. Arab Perceptions and the Politics of Escalation
Among Sunnis, it was derogatorily referred t o as t h e 'adas (lentil bean) regime, t h e t e r m 'adas being an acronym of words 'Alawi, Druze and Isma'ili. (38) It was opposed by economic i n t e r e s t s which cross cut Sunni/non-Sunni identifications: urban c a p i t a l i s t s and m e r c h a n t s were hostile t o Ba'th socialism; rural landowners physically opposed Ba'th land reform programs. (39) Ba'th a t t e m p t s to c r e a t e a Maoist style cultural revolution alienated all sectarian groups.
The upshot of this mobilization process was t h a t by t h e 1940s, t h e s e s t r a t a had become both politicized and alienated. In t h e i m m e d i a t e post independence period an e n t r e n c h e d , land owning e l i t e of conservative nationalists found themselves increasingly opposed by a growing "new Middle class," a younger generation of Syrians; a generation which was sociologically outside of traditional society, but not capable of moving upward into t h e nationalist e l i t e .
Elsewhere a survey of some of t h e 1967 Palestinian refugees ^turned up t h e finding t h a t a significant number fled to avoid the possibility of Israeli molestation of their women. (54) Perhaps the most famous example of t h e political consequences of the wajh mentality is t h a t of 'abd al-Nasir's furious reaction t o t h e insulting withdrawal of United S t a t e s financing for the Aswan D a m . However t h e r e were o t h e r s . Arabs in general were humiliated by t h e Israeli use of women t o guard Arab prisoners of war.
Arab–Israeli Military/Political Relations. Arab Perceptions and the Politics of Escalation by John W. Amos II