Download PDF by Henri J. Dumont, Tamara A. Shiganova, Ulrich Niermann: Aquatic invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean
By Henri J. Dumont, Tamara A. Shiganova, Ulrich Niermann
The Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas symbolize 3 fragmentsof the previous Tethys Sea, and are therefore of serious curiosity tounderstanding the evolution of the complete sector the place Eurasia,Africa and the Arabian Peninsula meet. Fishing job and maritimetraffic throughout the Dardanelles and Bosporus, and through the Lenin Canalto the Caspian Sea, have enormously intensified. additionally, all majorEuropean rivers are actually associated through canals, that means that ships cannavigate from the mouth of the Volga to the Baltic, from the Danubeto the Rhine, and from there to all different significant eu Rivers. Suchan anastomosed procedure not just permits ships to cross among basins:biota keep on with of their wake, and hence the Black Sea and Caspian faunaand flowers, lengthy sequestered of their closed basins, are suddenlygiven a chance to "escape". nonetheless, alien invadersincreasingly locate their approach to the 3 seas,as stowaways in ballastwater tanks or hooked up to the hulls. a number of the newbies expandedto huge, immense numbers within the receiving atmosphere, the place they might causegreat fiscal harm. The publication offers an updated evaluation ofthe scenario within the Ponto-Caspian in regards to the jelly invasionsthat were perturbing the neighborhood pelagic ecosystems seeing that theearly Eighties, contrasting that with organic invasions somewhere else, totry and establish common underlying rules.
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Additional resources for Aquatic invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean seas: the ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe in the Ponto-Caspian and other aquatic invasions
D. Christou, A. Y. Skirta & H. J. Dumont, 2001a. Population development of the invader ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Black Sea and other seas of the Mediterranean basin. Marine Biology 139: 431-445. Shulman, G. & T. V. Yuvena, 2002. Fishes as indicator of of state of the Black Sea and Mediterranean ecosystems. , I. Salihoglu & E. Mutlu, 2002. Oceanography of the eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea. Abstracts of the second international conference, METU, Ankara, Turkey: 175. Shushkina, E. A.
12). In September, it was high although lower than in 1999 (Fig. 11). The near-surface Copepoda and Cladocera species were prominent, and active development of Paracalanus parvus and Centropages ponticus was observed. Beroe appeared early; however, M. leidyi had time to reach a high abundance and inﬂict losses on the zooplankton. In 2002, zooplankton samples were collected on 4 September, when M. leidyi was still rather abundant, therefore probably values were lower, particularly in inshore waters, than in 2001.
Daskalov, K. R. Mikhailov, K. Maxim, E. Ozdamar, V. Shljakhov, A. Chashchin & A. Arkhipov, 1998. Stock assessment of sprat and whiting in the Western Black Sea in relation to global and local anthropogenic factors. in: Durand, M. , P. Cury, R. C. Mendelssohn, A. Bakun & D. Pauly (eds), Global versus local changes in upwelling systems - - international conference under the auspices of the Climate and Eastern Ocean Systemes Project (CEOS). ORSTOM, Paris (France): 345-358. Purcell, J. , 1992. Effects of predation by the scyphomedusan Chrysaora quinquecirrha on zooplankton populations in Chesapeake Bay, USA.
Aquatic invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean seas: the ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe in the Ponto-Caspian and other aquatic invasions by Henri J. Dumont, Tamara A. Shiganova, Ulrich Niermann