New PDF release: After Socialism: Volume 20, Part 1 (Social Philosophy and
By Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller, Jeffrey Paul
Twelve philosophers, historians, and political philosophers examine features of socialism within the context of its fresh reversals. a few essays research the ethical and political values that made socialism attractive to intellectuals, or assessment even if points of socialism might be preserved, corresponding to its quest for equality and neighborhood. Others study even if free-market structures have to be additional transformed in keeping with ongoing socialist reviews or attest to the ongoing validity of socialism by way of suggesting ways that it could nonetheless have a efficient destiny.
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Feuerbach is now famous as a vital determine within the background of nineteenth-century notion. He was once certainly one of Hegel's such a lot influential scholars: he ruled German radical philosophy within the 1840s and used to be the chief of the younger Hegelians; his 'anthropological' critique of Hegel's idealism decisively affects the materialism and humanism of Marx and Engels; his critique of faith pointed the way in which for the philosophers of faith; and his mental analyses came upon a spot in Freudian idea and the existential and phenomenological traditions.
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Extra info for After Socialism: Volume 20, Part 1 (Social Philosophy and Policy) (v. 20)
This new character cannot be infused by others, it cannot proceed from obe dience to any masters. It can only sprout from independent action, from the fight for freedom, from revolt against the masters. All the genius of superior individuals is of no avail here. The great decisive step in the progress of mankind, the transformation of society now impending, is essentially a transformation of the working masses. It can be accomplished only by the action, by the revolt, by the effort of the masses themselves; its essential nature is self-liberation of mankind.
The continuous struggle against the variable forces of nature and climate, with technics only slightly beginning to be directed by modern sci ence, hence strongly dependent on traditional methods and personal capacity, is aggravated by the pressure from capitalist conditions. This struggle has cre ated a strong stubborn individualism, that makes the farmers a special class with a special mentality and outlook, foreign to the ideas and aims of the work ing class. Still, modern development has worked a considerable change here also.
A century ago, in the time of small capitalism, the difference between the two forms of income, the idle income of the landowner as contrasted with the hard-won earnings of business man, worker and artisan, was so strongly felt as undue robbery, that repeatedly projects were proposed to abolish it, by nationalization of the soil. Later on, when capitalist property ever more took on the same form of certifi cates commanding income without labor, land reform became silent. The antagonism between capitalist and landowner, between profit and rent disap peared; landed property is now simply one of the many forms of capitalist property.
After Socialism: Volume 20, Part 1 (Social Philosophy and Policy) (v. 20) by Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller, Jeffrey Paul