Read e-book online A Mennonite Family in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, PDF
By David G. Rempel
In this shiny and fascinating research, David Rempel combines his first-hand account of lifestyles in Russian Mennonite settlements throughout the landmark interval of 1900-1920, with a wealthy portrait of six generations of his ancestral kinfolk from the basis of the 1st colony - the Khortitsa payment - in 1789 to the country's cataclysmic civil war.
Born in 1899 within the Mennonite village of Nieder Khortitsa at the Dnieper River, the writer witnessed the upheaval of the following a long time: the 1905 revolution, the quasi-stability wrought from Stolypin reforms, global warfare I and the specter of estate expropriation and exile, the 1917 Revolution, and the Civil conflict in which he persevered the complete horrors of the Makhnovshchina - the phobia of profession of his village and residential by way of the bandit horde led by way of Nestor Makhno - and the typhus epidemic left of their wake.
Published posthumously, this ebook deals a penetrating view of 1 of Tsarist and early Soviet Russia's smallest, but so much dynamic, ethno-religious minorities.
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Additional info for A Mennonite Family in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, 1789-1923
The area selected by Cornies was close to much of the existing location and immediately adjacent to the community's general tree plantation. It was higher than the land in question, but still close to the plavni, the low Dnieper banks which were heavily wooded with poplar and willow. , hills). This local elevated landmark was a sandy pasture land beyond the conceivable reach of flood waters. Cornies issued his directive in 1847. Nieder Khortitsa's officials, headed by Mayor Rempel, and supported by the community, refused to cooperate.
Throughout his childhood and youth, Mennonite ploughmen on the island still turned up rusting bits of Cossack sabres, rifles, cannon, and shot relics of the island's military past. More memorable for Rempel, however, was the pre-First World War island with its bucolic mood. He remembered its mix of hardwood forests, plowed fields, gardens, orchards, sandy beaches, rocky bluffs, marshy lagoons, a small village, a graveyard, and a family history dating to the first Mennonite settlement. These evoked Khortitsa Island for him less as a launch-site of epic Cossack raids, or a spawning ground of Ukrainian national myths, than as a Mennonite refuge of unsurpassing beauty and repose.
Great Grandfather's contest with Cornies revolved around two basic issues. The first pertained to teaching methods and was basically a contest between progressive villagers and those with traditional views. The second concerned land use. Here the contention was whether to relocate part of the village of Nieder Khortitsa. The skirmish over education occurred when Cornies demanded that the elementary school in Nieder Khortitsa adopt some 'improved' teaching materials. These consisted of various pictures, wall displays, and the like.
A Mennonite Family in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, 1789-1923 by David G. Rempel